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BioMed Central撤回43篇涉嫌造假学术论文(附原因剖析)

2015-3-29 作者:MedSci   来源:MedSci原创 我要评论10
Tags: 造假  学术  论文  
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医学和科学学术文章的一个主要出版商BioMed Central已经撤回43篇文章,主要因为“莫须有”的同行评审。这直接暗示了可能存在为数不少的伪造同行评审,或对许多出版文章都将造成影响。 

BioMed Central总部在英国,旗下有277个同行评议的期刊。撤回文章的部分名单显示大部分发表单位均在中国,包括中国医科大学,四川大学,山东大学和交通大学医学院。但BioMed Central副编辑主任Jigisha Patel表示:“这不代表中国学术状态。我们发表了很多来自中国的强大的研究成果。我们认为这是一个广泛的科学家们如何判断的问题。”同时,出版道德规范委员会—是由9000多位期刊编辑联合的组织,发表一份声明。该委员会表示说“已经意识到系统性,不适当的企图操纵不同的出版商刊物的同行评审过程”。这些期刊正重新审核手稿,以确定有多少可能需要撤回。有专门的人员已经统计出在过去几年BioMed Central因为假的同行评审共有170次撤消论文。 

同行审查是通过让同领域专家阅读手稿,批准或者不批准手稿出版,以保证学术文章的质量和完整性。研究人员对于被认可,文章引用和职业发展的需求日益迫切,使得整个同行审查制度在近年来出现许多缺陷和违规行为,轻则是糊弄随便的审查,再到任人唯亲,重则明目张胆的欺诈。
Patel表示:“假审稿问题是影响整个学术期刊出版。“造假”的行为包括笔者建议事先已经同意提供一个积极的评价的朋友做同行审查,或者有同行评审圈,圈内的作者都同意互相做同行评审,更有甚者伪造一个人,给予同行评审。从这些有问题的文章中,我们发现文章的作者似乎没有什么明显的联系,但是他们建议的审稿人却明显类似。表明可能存在第三方在提供些欺诈行为。”

Elizabeth Moylan,BioMed Central的资深编辑表示,从去年开始的调查揭示了一个有人通过建议“伪造”审稿人,以欺骗杂志的编辑。她写道,这些操作似乎是被一些提供的语言编辑和提交协助的机构来进行的。目前还不清楚,所涉及的手稿的作者是否知道这些机构提供了伪造的审稿人还是说其实是作者自己直接提出这些捏造名字。 

Patel在接受采访时表示,同行评审提交的报告“实际上是非常有说服力的。”BioMed Central起了疑心,是因为他们发现,这些在机构工作的科学家的电子邮件地址的模式非常奇怪。同样奇怪的是,同一科学家能审查不同的主题。大家都是高度专业的研究,所以这种情况很不正常。最终,他们找到了这些科学家,科学家表示并没有审这些稿。是有人使用顶替了他们的名字。

Patel还说这些天真的作者希望得到他们的稿件发表,他们通过支付的费用享受服务——修饰美化手稿,甚至保证发表。一些机构正在卖这种服务,从以作者身份写好稿件到提交伪造审稿人的联系方式,然后再顶替审稿人提供评论。 

大概过程如下:

让作者投稿时,“推荐”审稿人,实际上,审稿人的名字和单位是真实的,但是邮箱是假的(随便注册个yahoo或gmail之类,邮箱已被操纵了)-->期刊社便送稿件过去进行审稿-->修回(实际是虚的)-->发表。 

在MedSci论坛上,可以看到,除BMC系列外,实际上已有多本期刊被类似操纵,包括BBRC等!可以看这里:http://www.medsci.cn/sci/submit.do?id=92721030 另外,CELL BIOCHEM BIOPHYS 也可能被中国人操作了,见这里:http://www.medsci.cn/sci/submit.do?id=923a1355 ,MedSci大量网友早在几个月前就发现其中的猫腻,并进行了公开。但是更多的杂志还在调查中,这种现象,可能最早从几年前就开始。从被撤稿文章来看,主要集中于生物信息学分析、meta分析类文章。 

根除这种乱象的唯一办法,就是当事人认清,不能有投机取巧的想法,临床研究是真真实实的,来不得半点虚假!当然,如果没有这种行为,则不用任何担心,包括正常推荐审稿人,也是合理的。

被撤稿文章列表如下: 

Retraction   (meta分析) 

Retraction Note: Open reduction and closed reduction internal fixation in treatment of femoral neck fractures: a meta-ana, lysis
Weiguo Wang, Junjie Wei, Zhanwang Xu, Wenkun Zhuo, Yuan Zhang, Hui Rong, Xuecheng Cao, Pingshan WangBMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015, 16:70 (26 March 2015)

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1.

Retraction Note   
Retraction Note: Impact of guidewire selection and operator expertise on radiation exposure in transradial angiography
Jianmin Yang, Ningfu Wang, Xiaoshan Tong, Xianhua Ye, Liang Zhou, Guoxin Tong, Yun Shen, Shuzheng LvJournal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2015, 10:42 (27 March 2015)
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2.

Retraction Note   
Retraction Note: Meta-analysis of the effect of percutaneous coronary intervention on chronic total coronary occlusions
Ruogu Li, Shuansuo Yang, Lei Tang, Yiqing Yang, Hui Chen, Shaofeng Guan, Wenzheng Han, Hua Liu, Jinjie Dai, Qian Gan, Weiyi Fang, Xinkai QuJournal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2015, 10:43 (27 March 2015)
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3.

Retraction   (meta分析类
Retraction Note: Analysis of protein-protein interaction network and functional modules on primary osteoporosis
Gai-Li Li, Xian-Hua Xu, Bing-Ang Wang, Yi-Min Yao, Yang Qin, Shu-Rong Bai, Jian Rong, Tao Deng, Yong-He HuEuropean Journal of Medical Research 2015, 20:33 (26 March 2015)
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4.

Retraction Note    (蛋白质相互作用
Retraction Note: Gene expression analysis in response to osmotic stimuli in the intervertebral disc with DNA microarray
Wenzhi Zhang, Xu Li, Xifu Shang, Qichun Zhao, Yefeng Hu, Xiang Xu, Rui He, Liqun Duan, Feng ZhangEuropean Journal of Medical Research 2015, 20:32 (26 March 2015)
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5.

Retraction Note    (基因表达谱分析
Retraction Note: Establishing an osteosarcoma associated protein-protein interaction network to explore the pathogenesis of osteosarcoma
Bi-Yong Deng, Ying-Qi Hua, Zheng-Dong CaiEuropean Journal of Medical Research 2015, 20:40 (26 March 2015)
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6.

Retraction Note   
Retraction Note: Integrated gene network analysis and text mining revealing PIK3R1 regulated by miR-127 in human bladder cancer
Yahong Xu, Shunwen Luo, Yang Liu, Jian Li, Yi Lu, Zhigang Jia, Qihua Zhao, Xiaoping Ma, Minghui Yang, Yue Zhao, Ping Chen, Yu GuoEuropean Journal of Medical Research 2015, 20:43 (26 March 2015)
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7.

Retraction Note   (基因表达谱
Retraction Note: Expression of microRNA-497 and its prognostic significance in human breast cancer
Shaohua Wang, Hanjun Li, Jingjie Wang, Dan WangDiagnostic Pathology 2015, 10:9 (26 March 2015)
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8.

Retraction Note   
Retraction Note: Clinical application of contrast enhanced ultrasound to diagnose benign prostatic hyperplasia
Jingfang Shi, Xiaohua Yin, Rong Xu, Yingchun Wang, Lin Jin, Weiwei GaoDiagnostic Pathology 2015, 10:10 (26 March 2015)
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9.

Retraction Note   
Retraction Note: Ranking candidate genes of esophageal squamous cell carcinomas based on differentially expressed genes and the topological properties of the co-expression network
Yuzhou Shen, Jicheng Tantai, Heng ZhaoEuropean Journal of Medical Research 2015, 20:37 (26 March 2015)
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10.

Retraction Note   (基因表达谱分析
Retraction Note: Systematic study of cilostazol on secondary stroke prevention: a meta-analysis
Yining Qian, Qi BiEuropean Journal of Medical Research 2015, 20:39 (26 March 2015)
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11.

Retraction Note   (meta分析
Retraction Note: Meta-analysis on the efficacy of tourniquet on ankle trauma surgery
Xinhua Jiang, Baoqing Yu, Wei Qu, Jiawen HeEuropean Journal of Medical Research 2015, 20:34 (26 March 2015)
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12.

Retraction   
Retraction Note: Reanalysis of the gene expression profile in chronic pancreatitis via bioinformatics methods
Hang Yuan, Bin Wu, Senlin Ma, Xiaoyu Yang, Lei Yin, Aijun LiEuropean Journal of Medical Research 2015, 20:36 (26 March 2015)
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13.

Retraction Note   (基因表达谱
Retraction Note: Systematic evaluation of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation versus percutaneous ethanol injection for the treatment of small hepatocellular carcinoma: a meta-analysis
Rong-Hua Xu, Wei Gao, Chao Wang, De-Kai Guo, Lin Tang, Hui Zhang, Cong-Jun WangEuropean Journal of Medical Research 2015, 20:41 (26 March 2015)
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14.

Retraction Note   (meta分析
Retraction Note: Gene expression profiling analysis of hepatocellular carcinoma
Deyong Kong, Heming Chen, Weiqun Chen, Shuiyi Liu, Hui Wang, Tangwei Wu, Hongda Lu, Qingzhi Kong, Xiaodong Huang, Zhongxin LuEuropean Journal of Medical Research 2015, 20:31 (26 March 2015)
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15.

Retraction Note   (基因表达谱
Retraction Note: Leisure-time physical activity and the risk of metabolic syndrome: meta-analysis
Yijun Huang, Xuemei LiuEuropean Journal of Medical Research 2015, 20:42 (26 March 2015)
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16.

Retraction Note   (meta分析
Retraction Note: Triptolide ameliorates lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury in rats
Jianling Gao, Ying Zhan, Jun Chen, Lina Wang, Jianping YangEuropean Journal of Medical Research 2015, 20:35 (26 March 2015)
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17.

Retraction Note   
Retraction Note: Screening of key genes in gastric cancer with DNA microarray analysis
Yong Jin, Wei DaEuropean Journal of Medical Research 2015, 20:30 (26 March 2015)
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18.

Retraction Note   (基因表达谱
Retraction Note: Ferroportin in the progression and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma
Qin Wang, Jun Zhou, Dewu Zhong, Qunwei Wang, Jiangsheng HuangEuropean Journal of Medical Research 2015, 20:38 (26 March 2015)
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19.

Retraction Note   
Retraction Note: Joint detection of ERCC1, TUBB3, and TYMS guidance selection of docetaxel, 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin (DDP) individual chemotherapy in advanced gastric cancer patients
Yushuang Luo, Zhanquan Li, Sen Cui, Cunfang Shen, Junhui Zhao, Milu Wu, Yuying Li, Miaozhou Wang, Rong Chen, Zhibo Liu, Ge Ri-liEuropean Journal of Medical Research 2015, 20:29 (26 March 2015)
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20.

Retraction Note   (基因表达谱
Retraction Note: Investigation of the hub genes and related mechanism in ovarian cancer via bioinformatics analysis
Ling-jie Fu, Bing WangJournal of Ovarian Research 2015, 8:15 (26 March 2015)
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21.

Retraction   (基因表达谱
Retraction Note: Risk miRNA screening of ovarian cancer based on miRNA functional synergistic network
Huanchun Ying, Jing Lyu, Tianshu Ying, Jun Li, Shanshan Jin, Jingru Shao, Lili Wang, Hongying XuJournal of Ovarian Research 2015, 8:17 (26 March 2015)
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22.

Retraction   (基因表达谱
Retraction Note: Growth inhibition and apoptosis induced by 6-fluoro-3-formylchromone in hepatocellular carcinoma
Yijie Zhang, Kailian Zheng, Hongli Yan, Gang Jin, Chenghao Shao, Xuyu Zhou, Yingqi Zhou, Tianlin HeBMC Gastroenterology 2015, 15:39 (26 March 2015)
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23.

Retraction   
Retraction Note: Gene expression profiling analysis of the putamen for the investigation of compensatory mechanisms in Parkinson’s disease
Lianbo Gao, Honghua Gao, Huan Zhou, Yanyuan XuBMC Neurology 2015, 15:45 (26 March 2015)
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24.

Retraction Note   (基因表达谱
Retraction Note: Pathological dislocation of the hip due to coxotuberculosis in children: a 29-case report
Xin Jiang, Yuan Li, Lijun Liu, MingXin Peng, XueYang Tang, DaoXi Wang, XiaoDong YangJournal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015, 10:42 (26 March 2015)
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25.

Retraction   
Retraction Note: A meta-analysis of external fixator versus intramedullary nails for open tibial fracture fixation
Xian Xu, Xu Li, Lin Liu, Wei WuJournal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015, 10:41 (26 March 2015)
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26.

Retraction Note   (meta分析
Retraction Note: Mini-plate versus Kirschner wire internal fixation for treatment of metacarpal and phalangeal fractures in Chinese Han population: a meta-analysis
Jiaming Xu, Changqing ZhangJournal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015, 10:43 (26 March 2015)
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27.

Retraction   (meta分析
Retraction Note: Comparison of the sagittal profiles among thoracic idiopathic scoliosis patients with different Cobb angles and growth potentials
Bo Ran, Guo-you Zhang, Feng Shen, Jia-yu Chen, Ji-bin Wu, Feng-chao Zhao, Kai-jin Guo, Dun-yi Qi, Bing Zhou, Xiang-yang Chen, Xin-zhu Zhang, Yue-hua Qiao, Ming LiJournal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015, 10:44 (26 March 2015)
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28.

Retraction Note   
Retraction Note: The effect of drainage tube on bleeding and prognosis after total knee arthroplasty: a prospective cohort study
Xiao-Han Liu, Pei-Liang Fu, Shi-Ying Wang, Ya-Juan Yang, Gen-Di LuJournal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015, 10:46 (26 March 2015)
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29.

Retraction   
Retraction Note: Cardioprotective activity of placental growth factor in a rat model of acute myocardial infarction: nanoparticle-based delivery versus direct myocardial injection
Zhe-xin Lu, Li-li Mao, Feng Lian, Jun He, Wen-tian Zhang, Chen-yang Dai, Song Xue, Wei-gen Lu, Hong-sheng ZhuBMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2015, 15:27 (26 March 2015)
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30.

Retraction Note   
Retraction Note: Microarray analysis for differentially expressed genes of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty with ischemia preconditioning
Jianguang Wang, Zhengdong Cai, Junjian LiuJournal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015, 10:45 (26 March 2015)
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31.

Retraction Note   (基因表达谱
Retraction Note: An osteotomy anterolateral approach for lateral tibial plateau fractures merged with relatively simple and intact posterolateral corner displacement
De-peng Meng, Tian-wen Ye, Ai-min ChenJournal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015, 10:47 (26 March 2015)
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32.

Retraction   
Retraction Note: STMN-1 is a potential marker of lymph node metastasis in distal esophageal adenocarcinomas and silencing its expression can reverse malignant phenotype of tumor cells
Javed Akhtar, Zhou Wang, Che Yu, Chen-Sheng Li, Yu-Long Shi, Hong-Jun LiuBMC Cancer 2015, 15:187 (26 March 2015)
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33.

Retraction Note   
Retraction Note: The effects of dexamethasone on the proliferation and apoptosis of human ovarian cancer cells induced by paclitaxel
Wenjing Hou, Jianhua Guan, Huan Lu, Qian Dong, Yuhong Han, Rong ZhangJournal of Ovarian Research 2015, 8:16 (26 March 2015)
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34.

Retraction   
Retraction Note: Gene-gene interaction network analysis of ovarian cancer using TCGA data
Huanchun Ying, Jing Lv, Tianshu Ying, Shanshan Jin, Jingru Shao, Lili Wang, Hongying Xu, Bin Yuan, Qing YangJournal of Ovarian Research 2015, 8:18 (26 March 2015)
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35.

Retraction Note   (基因表达谱
Retraction Note: Clinical efficacy of posterior versus anterior instrumentation for the treatment of spinal tuberculosis in adults: a meta-analysis
Pinglin Yang, Xijing He, Haopeng Li, Quanjin Zang, Baohui YangJournal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015, 10:40 (26 March 2015)
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36.

Retraction   (meta分析
Retraction Note: Dysregulation of cell cycle related genes and MicroRNAs distinguish the low- from high-risk of prostate cancer
Jiling Wen, Rongbing Li, Xiaofei Wen, Guangming Chou, Jiasun Lu, Xuelei Wang, Yongchao JinDiagnostic Pathology 2015, 10:11 (26 March 2015)
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37.

Retraction Note   
Retraction Note: Meta-analysis of the efficacy of pancreatoduodenectomy with extended lymphadenectomy in the treatment of pancreatic cancer
Xinbao Xu, Hui Zhang, Ping Zhou, Lei ChenWorld Journal of Surgical Oncology 2015, 13:125 (26 March 2015)
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38.

39.

Retraction Note (meta分析)  
Retraction Note: New proposal for the serum ascites albumin gradient cut-off value in Chinese ascitic patients
Cai-feng Jiang, Bin Shi, Jian Shi, Zong-li Yuan, Wei-fen XieDiagnostic Pathology 2015, 10:12 (26 March 2015)
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40.

Retraction Note   
Retraction Note: Collecting duct carcinoma of the kidney: a clinicopathological study of five cases
Xiangyang Wang, Jianwei Hao, Ruijin Zhou, Xiangsheng Zhang, Tianzhong Yan, Degang Ding, Lei Shan, Zhonghua LiuDiagnostic Pathology 2015, 10:15 (26 March 2015)
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41.

Retraction   
Retraction Note: Novel two-stage surgical treatment for Cantrell syndrome complicated by severe pulmonary hypertension: a case report
Xiaochen Wu, Jinbao Zhang, Hui Ouyang, Qin Yue, Heng ZhaoJournal of Medical Cas,



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lovetcm

去年,在一个众所周知的丑闻中,声学领域的《振动与控制》期刊由于发现了“同行评审和引用团伙”的存在而一次性撤回了60篇论文。该团伙捏造假名或冒名提交评审,其成员大多是来自台湾的学者。

2015-4-4 7:43:00 回复

wandy

[精华]中国政府应该更加重视科学的严谨性和可靠性,应该能够及时发现存在问题给予及时改正。同行评议对于极度讲究人情人脉的中国是很不合适宜,国外杂志在极短时间内发现这种造假行为并能公布于众,并及时制止这种陋习和对待科学的不恭行为。

每年中国的国家自然科学基金都是同行评议,中国的人情作风将大量科研经费流向同行评议比较熟悉的不该获得的关系户手中,如果您是一个正直和说实话的人,现有的同行评议流程将给国家自然科学基金带来灾难性的后果,每年都是那些比较固定的评审专家,同行的大腕们相互都比较熟悉,相互询问和告知标书着落何处使得自己标书评审情况了如指掌,希望国家自然科学基金管理者们从中吸取开放式同行评议的弊端,管理好国家巨额科研基金,使得每笔基金用到真正的科学发现上。

2015-4-1 12:23:00 回复

x35042875

[精华]同行评审是一个旨在保证学术论文真实性的数据核实过程,专家在阅读论文后决定该论文能否出版。由于研究人员越来越渴望得到认可、褒奖以及学术上的发展,甚至不惜为此铤而走险,所以整个同行评审体系近年来开始接受审查,一些缺陷和不足浮出水面,包括敷衍评审、给友情分甚至还有彻底的学术欺诈。

2015-3-31 23:06:00 回复

lingyangxiaoma

唉、中国学术界在外面颜面扫地了、痛心、希望这个教训能被记住吧!

2015-3-31 18:04:00 回复

cd90

哎 心痛

(来自:梅斯医学APP)

2015-3-30 16:42:00 回复

fangnanjing

[精华]由于存在信息差以及侥幸心理,使得很多医生和科研人员因为便宜,或可以随便承诺而上当。一个博士研究生往往要花3年甚至更多时间才能完成一个课题。而这些公司短短数月就能完成"漂亮"课题,你敢信吗?如果真是如此,研究所可以休业了。

2015-3-30 15:19:00 回复

ixiaochengdudu

[精华]其实这些东西我们多少也是知道的,很大一部分上是制度管理的缺陷,正所谓有利益的驱使,就一定有人会去做这件事,甚至还行成了规模,文章说到的两种原因我觉得都存在,科研人员自己要洁身自好,实事求是,不投机取巧,谨慎行事,加上国家严厉打击造假公司,也许这样就不会有这种事的发生了。

(来自:梅斯医学APP)

2015-3-30 15:17:00 回复

Htthmm

许多不规范公司让医生上当!科研是严谨过程,不能有半点虚假。目前市面存在上百家能"发表SCI"论文公司,上千家能提供实验技术服务公司,但是真正有能力做好的只有数家。

2015-3-30 14:51:00 回复

223.104.5.**

希望medsci多曝光打击

(来自:梅斯医学APP)

2015-3-30 14:09:00 回复

218.82.139.**

分析有道理

(来自:梅斯医学APP)

2015-3-30 8:17:00 回复

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