Oral Health Prev Dent:实施全面的口腔保健措施,既能预防又能减少儿童早期龋病的发生

2020-08-22 MedSci原创 MedSci原创

本研究旨在评估口腔综合保健对中国城市地区儿童早期龋病患病率的影响。

本研究旨在评估口腔综合保健对中国城市地区儿童早期龋病患病率的影响。

研究人员从青岛市6所不同的幼儿园招募了398名4-5岁的儿童,参加为期1年的单盲随机对照临床试验。这些儿童被随机分配到实验组(187名儿童)或对照组(211名儿童)。实验组接受全面的口腔保健服务,包括口腔健康检查、对儿童及其监护人进行口腔健康教育、局部涂氟和牙齿治疗,而对照组儿童每年只接受两次口腔健康检查。实验前后,儿童家长完成了全面的口腔健康问卷调查。一年后,对两组儿童的口腔健康状况进行统计分析,以确定口腔综合保健对儿童早期龋齿的影响。

 

结果,1年后,实验组的龋齿数(dt)、龋齿面数(ds)、补牙数(ft)、补牙面数(fs)均显著低于对照组(p<0.001)。两组的dmft和dmfs也有显著差异(p<0.05)。另外,两组患儿及其家长的口腔卫生习惯和饮食习惯与1年前相比均有统计学上的显著差异(均P<0.001)。

综上所述,该研究结果表明,实施全面的口腔保健措施,既能预防又能减少儿童早期龋病的发生。

 

原始出处:

 

Ting CuiQuanchen Xu, et al., Longitudinal Follow-up Survey of Effects of Oral Comprehensive Healthcare Measures on Early Childhood Caries. Oral Health Prev Dent. 2020;18(2):197-203. doi: 10.3290/j.ohpd.a43347.

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    2020-09-15 shizhenshan
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    2021-04-24 小几洁
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    2020-08-23 仁心济世

    不错 点赞收藏学习起来#学习#

    0

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    2020-08-22 lovetcm

    实施全面的#口腔保健#措施,既能预防又能减少儿童早期#龋病#,即#龋齿#的发生,全民健保意识是最重要的!

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