宝宝长的矮就是生长发育迟缓吗?看看儿科医生怎么说

2019-08-05 儿科主任李萍 健康号

在如今物质丰富的社会,吃得好、吃得饱已经不是问题,然而有些孩子的身高增长却未能如家长所愿。有些家长一旦发现宝贝比同龄孩子矮了,就害怕孩子是不是发育迟缓,输在了起跑线上。那么孩子长得矮就是发育迟缓吗?

在如今物质丰富的社会,吃得好、吃得饱已经不是问题,然而有些孩子的身高增长却未能如家长所愿。有些家长一旦发现宝贝比同龄孩子矮了,就害怕孩子是不是发育迟缓,输在了起跑线上。那么孩子长得矮就是发育迟缓吗?

其实发育是否迟缓,并非完全由身高决定!

孩子是否发育迟缓,并不是简单地和同龄孩子对比就能下结论,也不能单一地从“身高”这个方面来判断。孩子发育是否迟缓,不但要从同龄孩子身上对比,还要从同性别、同个地方等来考虑。此外,除了身高,还需要参考孩子的身体发育速度、身材是否匀称等等,并与正常值相比,看看是否有太大的偏差。

孩子生长速度有规律可循

孩子的生长速度是不均衡的,在某个年龄段他会快速生长,而在另一个年龄段他有可能发展比较慢,而且每个孩子的发展速度都是不同的。因此,不要盲目对比,也许孩子此时个头不如他人,但到了青春期他很可能会“突飞猛长”一般来说,从胎儿到长大成人,人会有2次显着的突增高峰期。

拿数字说话,0-1岁的时候通常孩子会增高25厘米,1-2岁会增高9厘米左右,2-3岁会增高7厘米左右,3-8岁平均1年会增高6厘米左右,而到了青春期,平均1年就会增高10厘米上下。

宝宝的身高有70%都是遗传决定的,剩下的30%由后天来决定的。所以对于个子不高的爸爸妈妈来说,这30%尤为重要。所以想让宝宝长高要从以下四方面着手:

1、充足均衡的营养

宝宝营养要充足,食物品种要丰富多样。

宝宝应有良好的饮食习惯,保证每天摄入足够的蛋白质、碳水化物及维生素,特别要适当补充动物性蛋白(优质蛋白)。

2、运动

充分的运动,促进宝宝骨骼的生长。

运动锻炼能促进孩子骨骼、肌肉、关节、韧带的发育和功能健全。可以在床上玩蹬腿、翻滚、爬行,或者进行游泳、跳跃、婴儿操等运动,对宝宝的身高发育都会有一定帮助。

温馨提醒:可以经常带宝宝晒晒太阳,促进体内维生素D的产生,从而帮助钙质吸收,对宝宝的骨骼发育是有利的。

3、睡眠

生长激素都是在宝宝睡着以后才分泌的,所以宝宝的睡眠尤为重要。

因此孩子除了要保证有足够的睡觉时间以外,还应该注意有一个良好的睡觉习惯。

4、营造爱的家庭环境

除了保证营养、睡眠和运动外,还应该尽量减少精神因素对宝宝身体发育的影响,为宝宝营造温馨安全、充满关爱的生长环境。这样不仅有利于宝宝的身高发育,对宝宝的心理和智能发育也是有帮助的。

专家建议:建议6个月以前的孩子每个月做一次测评,监测孩子的体重、身高、头围等,当孩子的身高低于同年龄同性别孩子的第三个百分位数(或平均值2个标准差)以下或生长速度低于正常速度时,最好到儿童保健的矮小门诊去咨询下,以便及时找出影响儿童生长发育的原因,及时进行干预。

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    2019-08-07 neurowu
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