Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol:使用人工耳蜗儿童的语言发展评估

2022-01-11 AlexYang MedSci原创

评估了第二语言接触对人工耳蜗(CI)使用者的土耳其语口语能力的影响情况。

世界上大约一半的人口在日常生活中使用一种以上的语言。随着世界的全球化以及移民,特别是在最近几年,各国使用多语言的人越来越多。因此,多语言(讲一种以上的语言)是一个文化和社会上的重要问题。已知的是单语者和多语者之间的基本语言发展步骤是相似的

近期,来自土耳其的研究人员在《Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol》上发表文章,评估了第二语言接触对人工耳蜗(CI)使用者的土耳其语口语能力的影响情况

研究人员调查了生活在单语和双语家庭中的儿童,他们因先天性重度至深度听力损失而接受了单侧人工耳蜗植入手术。研究对象包括56名年龄小于8岁、语言年龄为2-6岁的儿童。丹佛II发育筛查测试用于识别植入前的语言和发育情况。记录了植入物的使用时间。患者家中使用的语言分为4类。T/K:土耳其语(主要)/库尔德语,K/T:库尔德语(主要)/土耳其语,T/T:只有土耳其语,A/T:阿拉伯语(主要)/土耳其语。CAP(听觉表现类别)、SIR(语言清晰度评价)、土耳其版早期语言发展测试(TELD-3:T)、IT-MAIS(婴幼儿有意义听觉整合量表)和MUSS(有意义使用语言量表)用来评估患者的语言发展,同时还评估了过去两年中IT-MAIS和MUSS分数的变化。

结果表明,所有儿童都在6岁前接受了植入物。儿童使用人工耳蜗的平均时间为38.43±11.64个月。植入前的平均语言年龄为6.8±2.13个月。在CAP和SIR评分方面,各组之间没有明显差异。在TELD-3:T得分方面,除了接受性原始得分外,各组之间没有明显的差异。阿拉伯语/土耳其语组的接受性原始分数明显较低。该组的母亲教育水平也明显较低。在IT-MAIS和MUSS分数方面,各组之间没有发现明显的差异。

根据家庭使用的语言获得的IT-MAIS评分情况

综上所述,他们的研究支持了这样的观点:使用CI的儿童在家里接触第二语言时,并不影响其对教育语言的掌握

 

原始出处:

Argün Ediz Yorgancılar , Bilal Sizer. Evaluation of the language development of children with cochlear implant users living in a multilingual environment. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. Jan 2022.

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    2022-02-10 ms5000000018187740

    学习了

    0

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    2022-10-05 feather89
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    2022-01-12 yangjxjc

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