2010 NOF 临床医师指南:预防和治疗骨质疏松

2010-01-01 美国国家骨质疏松基金会

中文标题:

2010 NOF 临床医师指南:预防和治疗骨质疏松

英文标题:

2010 NOF Clinician's guide to prevention and treatment of osteoporosis

发布日期:

2010-01-01

简要介绍:

The guidelines recommend calcium and vitamin D through dietary intake or supplementation, regular weight-bearing and strengthening exercise, fall prevention, and avoidance of tobacco and excessive alcohol use to all postmenopausal women and men age ≥50 years. Pharmacological therapy should be initiated in the following: those with hip or vertebral (clinical or morphometric) fractures; those with BMD T-scores ≤-2.5 at the femoral neck or spine by DXA, after appropriate evaluation; and those with low bone mass (T-score between -1.0 and -2.5, osteopenia) at the femoral neck or spine and a 10-year hip fracture probability ≥3% or a 10-year majorosteoporosis-related fracture probability ≥20% based on the US-adapted WHO absolute fracture risk model.

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