2010 CMA 减少儿童疫苗接种的疼痛

2010-11-22 加拿大医学会 CMAJ. 2010 Dec 14;182(18):E843-55. Epub 2010 Nov 22.

中文标题:

2010 CMA 减少儿童疫苗接种的疼痛

英文标题:

2010 CMA Reducing the pain of childhood vaccination: an evidence-based clinical practice guideline

发布机构:

加拿大医学会

发布日期:

2010-11-22

简要介绍:

Injections for vaccinations, the most common source of iatrogenic pain in childhood,1 are administered repeatedly to almost all Canadian children throughout infancy, childhood and adolescence.2 The pain associated with such injections is a source of distress for children, their parents and those administering the injections. If not addressed, this pain can lead to preprocedural anxiety in the future, needle fears and health care avoidance behaviours, including nonadherence with vaccination schedules.3 It is estimated that up to 25% of adults have a fear of needles,4 with most fears developing in childhood.5 About 10% of the population avoids vaccination and other needle procedures because of needle fears.

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