The European Journal of Heart Failure is the International Journal of the European Society of Cardiology dedicated to the advancement of knowledge in the field of heart failure. The Journal publishes reviews and editorials in order to improve the understanding, prevention, investigation and treatment of heart failure. Molecular and cellular biology, pathology, physiology, electrophysiology, pharmacology, as well as the clinical, social and population sciences all form part of the discipline that is heart failure. Accordingly, submission of manuscripts on basic, clinical and population sciences is invited. Original contributions on nursing, care of the elderly, primary care, health economics and other specialist fields related to heart failure are also welcome.