BACKGROUND: Long-term outcomes and efficacy of partial stapled hemorrhoidopexy are not known. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term clinical efficacy and safety of partial stapled hemorrhoidopexy with circumferential stapled hemorrhoidopexy. DESIGN: This was a parallel group, randomized, noninferiority clinical trial. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a single academic center. PATIENTS: Patients with grade III/IV hemorrhoids between August 2011 and November 2013 were included. INTERVENTIONS: Three hundred patients were randomly assigned to undergo either partial stapled hemorrhoidopexy (group 1, n = 150) or circumferential stapled hemorrhoidopexy (group 2, n = 150). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was the rate of recurrent prolapse at a median follow-up period of 5 years with a predefined noninferiority margin of 3.75%. Secondary outcomes included incidence and severity of postoperative pain, fecal urgency, anal continence, and the frequency of specific complications, including anorectal stenosis and rectovaginal fistula. RESULTS: The visual analog scores in group 1 were less than those in group 2 (p < 0.001). Fewer patients in group 1 experienced postoperative urgency compared with those in group 2 (p = 0.001). Anal continence significantly worsened after both procedures, but the difference between preoperative and postoperative continence scores was higher for group 2 than for group 1. Postoperative rectal stenosis did not develop in patients in group 1, although it occurred in 8 patients (5%) in group 2 (p = 0.004). The 5-year cumulative recurrence rate between group 1 (9% (95% CI, 4%-13%)) and group 2 (12% (95% CI, 7%-17%)) did not differ significantly (p = 0.137), and the difference was within the noninferiority margin (absolute difference, 3.33% (95% CI, 10.00% to 3.55%)). LIMITATIONS: The study was limited because it was a single -center trial. CONCLUSIONS: Partial stapled hemorrhoidopexy is noninferior to circumferential stapled hemorrhoidopexy for patients with grade III to IV hemorrhoids at a median follow-up period of 5 years. However, partial stapled hemorrhoidopexy was associated with reduced postoperative pain and urgency, better postoperative anal continence, and minimal risk of rectal stenosis.
BACKGROUND: The perioperative behavior of fecal calprotectin and whether it predicts early postoperative endoscopic recurrence of Crohn's disease are unknown. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the perioperative profiles of fecal calprotectin between patients with Crohn's disease and patients without Crohn's disease undergoing intestinal resection and to identify the association between consecutive fecal calprotectin levels and endoscopic recurrence 3 months after surgery in patients with Crohn's disease. DESIGN: This was a prospective observational study. SETTINGS: This study was conducted in a tertiary referral hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred fourteen consecutive patients (90 Crohn's disease, 24 non-Crohn's disease) who underwent resection were recruited. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify variations and risk factors. The predictive accuracy of the possible predictors was assessed by using receiver operating characteristic curves. RESULTS: The fecal calprotectin levels on preoperative day 14 and postoperative days 14, 21, 28, 60, and 90 were higher in the Crohn's disease group than they were in non-Crohn's disease group (p < 0.05). Twenty patients (22.2%) developed endoscopic recurrence 3 months after resection. The trend for fecal calprotectin change (Delta fecal calprotectin) from preoperative day 14 to postoperative day 14 was opposite in the recurrence and nonrecurrence groups. Multivariate analysis showed that this change was a predictive factor of early endoscopic recurrence (p < 0.05). Delta Fecal calprotectin was more accurate at predicting early endoscopic recurrence than was fecal calprotectin at single time points with a cutoff value of 240 mu g/g. LIMITATIONS: This is a single-center trial with a limited cohort of patients. CONCLUSIONS: The perioperative fecal calprotectin levels were higher in patients with Crohn's disease than they were in the control group. The change in fecal calprotectin levels from preoperative day 14 to postoperative day 14 could serve as a practical predictive index for early postoperative endoscopic recurrence. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/A796.
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies on total mesorectal excision suggested dissection anterior to Denonvilliers' fascia, which might lead to intraoperative pelvic autonomic nerves injury and a high incidence of urogenital dysfunction. TECHNIQUE: We dissected 4 cases of cadavers, mainly focusing on anatomy of Denonvilliers' fascia, to study the relationship between Denonvilliers' fascia and rectum. In practice, instead of dissection 1 cm above peritoneal reflection, dissection of the peritoneum was performed at the lowest level of peritoneal reflection during laparoscopic resection for mid-low rectal cancer. RESULTS: The cadaveric study revealed that there were loose tissues between Denonvilliers' fascia and rectal specimen, thus a surgical plane posterior to Denonvilliers' fascia did exist. During laparoscopic resection for mid-low rectal cancer, some loose reticulate structures between Denonvilliers' fascia and proper fascia of rectum would present after dissection of peritoneum at the lowest level of peritoneal reflection. Then dissection within the surgical plane posterior to Denonvilliers' fascia became easy and feasible. In this plane, both the pelvic nerves and postoperative urogenital function could be well protected by Denonvilliers' fascia. CONCLUSIONS: The anterior surgical plane for total mesorectal excision should be reconsidered, and dissection posterior to Denonvilliers' fascia is feasible and practicable for patients without risk of positive anterior circumferential resection margin.
INTRODUCTION: There is growing evidence supporting complete mesocolic excision as the optimal surgical approach for right-sided colon cancer to improve oncologic outcomes in comparison with conventional surgical resection. Although the feasibility of a minimally invasive approach to complete mesocolic excision has been reported, obesity has been associated with increased difficulty for finding the correct plane for dissection and delineating the vascular anatomy. We describe a novel approach with early identification of and dissection along the superior mesenteric vein during robotic complete mesocolic excision surgery, for all patients, regardless of BMI. TECHNIQUE: The dissection is initiated with identification of the superior mesenteric vein as the starting point. Then, the vascular dissection is performed along the anterior superior mesenteric vein plane while observing complete mesocolic excision principles. The anterior superior mesenteric vein plane is an optimal and safe dissection plane because there are no anterior tributaries. The ileocolic vein and artery are ligated separately at their junction with the superior mesenteric vein and superior mesenteric artery. The dissection is then continued cephalad along the superior mesenteric vein, identifying additional colic arteries, including the middle colic arterial trunk as well as the venous tributaries to the superior mesenteric vein such as the gastrocolic trunk. The superior right colic vein is then ligated at the gastrocolic confluence and the middle colic vessels are ligated. After the vascular dissection is completed, the colon is then mobilized. RESULTS: A total of 66 patients received the "superior mesenteric vein-first" approach for robotic colectomy between 2013 and 2018, including 40.9% patients with BMI >30 kg/m(2). Median lymph node yield was 32 (interquartile range, 25-40). The median distance to the high vascular tie was 12 cm (interquartile range, 7-19). Median estimated blood loss was 33 mL (interquartile range, 25-50). Overall rate of grade >= 3 complications was 3.0%. CONCLUSIONS: Using the superior mesenteric vein-first approach, robotic complete mesocolic excision for right colectomy can be performed on patients with high or low BMI with excellent short-term oncologic outcomes and acceptable morbidity. See Video Abstract at .
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of the pelvic floor defect caused by extralevator abdominoperineal excision poses a challenge for the surgeon. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the long-term perineal wound complications in patients undergoing conventional primary closure versus biological mesh-assisted repair after extralevator abdominoperineal excision. DESIGN: This was a single-institution retrospective observational study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a tertiary academic medical center. PATIENTS: Patients with low advanced rectal cancer undergoing extralevator abdominoperineal excision from August 2008 to December 2016 (N = 228) were included. INTERVENTIONS: All of the patients received extralevator abdominoperineal excision operation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was perineal wound complications after the operation. RESULTS: Of the 228 patients who underwent extralevator abdominoperineal excision, 174 received biological mesh repair and 54 received primary closure. Preoperative radiotherapy was administered to 89 patients (51.1%) in the biological mesh group and 20 patients (37.0%) in the primary closure group. The biological mesh group had significantly lower rates of perineal wound infection (11.5% vs 22.2%; p = 0.047), perineal hernia (3.4% vs 13.0%; p = 0.022), wound dehiscence (0.6% vs 5.6%; p = 0.042), and total perineal wound complications (14.9% vs 35.2%; p = 0.001) compared with the primary closure group. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed preoperative radiotherapy (p < 0.001), conventional primary closure (p < 0.001), and intraoperative bowel perforation (p= 0.001) to be significantly associated with perineal procedure-related complications. LIMITATIONS: This was a single-center retrospective study. CONCLUSIONS: Although perineal wound repair with biological mesh prolongs the operative time of perineal portion, the perineal drainage retention time, and the length of hospital stay, it may reduce perineal procedure-related complications and improve wound healing. Preoperative radiotherapy and intraoperative bowel perforation appear to be independent predictors of perineal complications. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B42.
BACKGROUND: We demonstrated previously that radiation proctitis induced by preoperative radiotherapy is a predisposing factor for clinical anastomotic leakage in patients undergoing rectal cancer resection. Quantitative measurement of radiation proctitis is needed. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to quantitate the changes of anatomic features caused by preoperative radiotherapy for rectal cancer and evaluate its ability to predict leakage. DESIGN: It was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial (NCT01211210). MRI variables were retrospectively assessed. SETTINGS: The study was conducted in the leading center of the trial, which is a tertiary GI hospital. PATIENTS: Patients undergoing preoperative chemoradiation with sphincter-preserving surgery were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Anatomic features were measured by preradiotherapy and postradiotherapy MRI. Univariate analyses were used to identify prognostic factors. Receiver operating characteristic curves were constructed to determine the cutoff value of the changes of MRI variables in predicting leakage. RESULTS: Eighteen (14.4%) of the 125 included patients developed clinical anastomotic leakage. Baseline characteristics were comparable between leakage group and nonleakage group. Relative increments of width of presacral space, thickness of rectal wall, and distal end of sigmoid colon discriminate between the 2 groups better than random chance. Relative increments of width of presacral space was the best performing predictor, with area under the curve of 0.722, sensitivity of 66.7%, specificity of 72.0%, and positive and negative predictive value of 28.6% and 92.8%. LIMITATIONS: The study was limited by its small sample size and retrospective design. CONCLUSIONS: Increments of the width of the presacral space, thickness of rectal wall, and distal part of the sigmoid colon helps to identify individuals not at risk for clinical anastomotic leakage after rectal cancer resection. The first variable is the strongest predictor. Changes of these variables should be taken into consideration when evaluating the application of defunctioning stoma. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B23.
BACKGROUND: Identifying patients with Crohn's disease with rapid disease progress or high risk of early surgery is crucial to clinical decision making. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the correlation between the Lemann index at diagnosis and abdominal surgery in the first year after Crohn's disease diagnosis and to find the risk factors for early surgery. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a single tertiary hospital. PATIENTS: Patients diagnosed with Crohn's disease between 2013 and 2015 in our center were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The outcome of interest was the need for an abdominal surgery within 1 year after the Lemann index evaluation at diagnosis. RESULTS: Of 212 eligible patients, 48 patients underwent abdominal surgery during follow-up. Lemann index was much higher in the surgery group (5.3 vs 2.6; p < 0.001). On tertiles of the Lemann index, the frequency of surgery grew (2.8%, 9.9%, and 55.7%; p < 0.001) as the Lemann index increased. The receiver operating characteristic curve was constructed taking into account the Lemann index for selecting patients with a high risk of surgery. Specificity, sensitivity, and area under receiver operating characteristic curve were 84.8%, 81.3%, and 0.89 of the Lemann Index at a cutoff level of 3.7. Patients with Lemann index >= 3.7 carried a higher risk of abdominal surgery (OR = 18.6; p < 0.001). Stricturing and penetrating disease were predictors for abdominal surgery, whereas antitumor necrosis factor treatment was associated with a significant reduction of surgical requirements. LIMITATIONS: This study was limited by its retrospective design. The ability of the Lemann index to predict the long-term risk of surgery was unknown. CONCLUSIONS: Lemann index at diagnosis is a reliable index to predict the risk of abdominal surgery in the first year after diagnosis of Crohn's disease. Patients with a high Lemann index might need closer follow-up or aggressive medical therapy.
BACKGROUND: Visceral fat is the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease and is associated with disease status. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the visceral fat on mucosal healing in patients with Crohn's disease after infliximab induction therapy DESIGN: This was a retrospective study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted in a tertiary referral hospital. PATIENTS: Between 2011 and 2017, 97 patients with Crohn's disease with the presence of ulcers underwent infliximab therapy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We studied them retrospectively. Mucosal healing was the end point. Patients composed 2 groups: mucosal healing and no mucosal healing. Univariate, multivariate, and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses determined the predictive value of the visceral fat area. RESULTS: Univariate analysis showed a statistically significant difference in the smoking history between the groups. Mucosal healing rates after infliximab were lower among active smokers (p = 0.022). Healed patients had significantly less visceral fat area before therapy (47.76 +/- 4.94 vs 75.88 +/- 5.55; p = 0.000) and a lower mesenteric fat index (0.52 +/- 0.04 vs 0.89 +/- 0.07; p = 0.000). There was no significant difference in the subcutaneous fat area (87.39 +/- 5.01 vs 93.31 +/- 6.95; p = 0.500). Multivariate analysis showed that only visceral fat area (OR = 0.978 (95% CI, 0.964-0.992); p = 0.002) and smoking history (OR = 0.305 (95% CI, 0.089-0.996); p = 0.041) were independent factors for mucosal healing. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed predictive cutoff values of 61.5 cm(2) and 0.62 for visceral fat area and mesenteric fat index. LIMITATIONS: This was a retrospective study. CONCLUSIONS: There was an association between increased visceral fat area and attenuated mucosal healing after infliximab therapy in biologically naive patients with Crohn's disease, indicating a need for earlier increased infliximab doses among patients with increased visceral fat. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/A590.
BACKGROUND: Patients with locally advanced rectal cancer could be managed by a watch-and-wait approach if they achieve clinical complete response after preoperative chemoradiotherapy. Mucosal integrity, endorectal ultrasound, and rectal MRI are used to evaluate clinical complete response; however, the accuracy remains questionable. Clinical practice based on those assessment methods needs more data and discussion. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the accuracy of mucosal integrity, endorectal ultrasound, and rectal MRI to predict clinical complete response after chemoradiotherapy. DESIGN: Endorectal ultrasound and rectal MRI were undertaken 6 to 7 weeks after preoperative chemoradiation therapy. Patients then received radical surgery based on the principles of total mesorectal excision. Preoperative tumor staging achieved by endorectal ultrasound and rectal MRI was compared with postoperative staging by pathologic examination. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of each evaluation method were calculated. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a single tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Patients diagnosed with mid-low rectal cancer by biopsy between May 2014 and December 2016 were enrolled in this study. RESULTS: A total of 124 patients were enrolled in this study, and postoperative pathology revealed that 20 patients (16.13%) achieved complete response (ypT(0)N(0)). The sensitivity of mucosal integrity, endorectal ultrasound, and MRI to predict clinical complete response was 25%. The specificity of mucosal integrity, endorectal ultrasound, and MRI was 94.23%, 93.90%, and 93.27%. The combination of each 2 or all 3 methods did not improve accuracy. Regression analysis showed that none of these methods could predict postoperative ypT(0). LIMITATIONS: The sample size is small, and we did not focus on the follow-up data and cannot compare prognosis data with previous research studies. CONCLUSIONS: Both single-method and combined mucosal integrity, endorectal ultrasound, and rectal MRI have poor correlation with postoperative pathologic examination. A watch-and-wait approach based on these methods might not be a proper strategy compared with radical surgery after neoadjuvant therapy. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/A693.
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leak is a life-threatening complication of colorectal surgery. Recent studies showed that indocyanine green fluorescence angiography might be a method to prevent anastomotic leak. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether intraoperative indocyanine green fluorescence angiography can reduce the incidence of anastomotic leak. DATA SOURCES: Potential relevant studies were identified from the following databases: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. STUDY SELECTION: This meta-analysis included comparative studies investigating the association between indocyanine green fluorescence angiography and anastomotic leak in patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer where the diagnosis of anastomotic leak was confirmed by CT and the outcomes of the indocyanine green group were compared with a control group. INTERVENTION: Indocyanine green was injected intravenously after the division of the mesentery and colon but before anastomosis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used to assess methodologic quality of the studies. ORs and 95% CIs were used to assess the association between indocyanine green and anastomotic leak. RESULTS: In 4 studies with a total sample size of 1177, comparing the number of anastomotic leaks in the indocyanine green and control groups, the ORs were 0.45 (95% CI, 0.18-1.12), 0.30 (95% CI, 0.03-2.98), 0.17 (95% CI, 0.01-3.69), and 0.12 (95% CI, 0.03-0.52). The combined OR was 0.27 (95% CI, 0.13-0.53). The difference was statistically significant (p < 0.001), and there was no significant heterogeneity (p = 0.48; I-2 = 0). LIMITATIONS: Data could not be pooled because of the small number of studies; some differences between studies may influence the results. Also, the pooled data were not randomized. CONCLUSIONS: The result revealed that indocyanine green was associated with a lower anastomotic leakage rate after colorectal resection. However, larger, multicentered, high-quality randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm the benefit of indocyanine green fluorescence angiography.
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested that electrolyte disorders might be a negative prognostic factor for some diseases. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to systematically evaluate the prognostic role of electrolyte disorders in patients with stage I to III colorectal cancer who received radical surgical resection. DESIGN: This study was retrospectively performed. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a single tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Patients with colorectal cancer who underwent radical resection in between April 2007 and April 2014 were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The Kaplan-Meier method was adopted to estimate the overall and disease-free survival with and without propensity score matching. RESULTS: In total, our study recruited 5089 eligible patients. In prematching analysis, patients with hypochloremia showed both shorter overall survival (HR = 0.943 (95% CI, 0.908-0.980); p = 0.003) and disease-free survival (HR = 0.957 (95% CI, 0.933-0.981); p < 0.001) than those with normal serum chloride levels. In postmatching analysis, 770 patients from each group were compared, and the results further confirmed that hypochloremia was significantly associated with worse overall survival (HR = 0.646 (95% CI, 0.489-0.855); p = 0.002) and disease-free survival (HR = 0.782 (95% CI, 0.647-0.944); p = 0.01), with the hypochloremia group as a reference. LIMITATIONS: The study was limited by its retrospective nature. CONCLUSIONS: Hypochloremia diagnosed before treatment can independently prognosticate the overall and disease-free survival for patients with stage I to ? colorectal cancer after radical resection. Intensive surveillance and management might improve the survival outcome for patients with hypochloremia. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/A727.
BACKGROUND: There is little information about the prognostic value of a microscopically positive distal margin in patients who have rectal cancer. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the influence of a distal margin of <= 1 mm on oncologic outcomes after sphincter-preserving resection for rectal cancer. DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at 2 hospitals. PATIENTS: A total of 6574 patients underwent anterior resection for rectal cancer from January 1999 to December 2014; 97 (1.5%) patients with a distal margin of <= 1 mm were included in this study. For comparative analyses, patients were matched with 194 patients with a negative distal margin (>1 mm) according to sex, age, BMI, ASA score, neoadjuvant treatment, tumor location, and stage. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The oncologic outcomes of the 2 groups were compared. RESULTS: Perineural and lymphovascular invasion rates were significantly higher in patients with a positive distal margin (54.6% vs 28.9%; 67.0% vs 42.8%; both p < 0.001) compared with to patients with negative distal margin. Comparison between microscopically positive and negative distal margin showed worse oncologic outcomes in patients with a microscopically positive distal margin, including 5-year local recurrence rate (24.1% vs 12.0%, p = 0.005); 5-year distant recurrence rate (35.5% vs 20.2%, p = 0.011); 5-year disease-free survival (45.5% vs 69.5%, p < 0.001); and 5-year OS (69.2% vs 79.7%, p = 0.004). Among the 97 patients with a microscopically positive distal margin, the 5-year disease-free survival rate was higher in patients who received adjuvant therapy (52.0% vs 30.7%, p = 0.089). LIMITATIONS: This is a retrospective study; bias may exist. CONCLUSIONS: A distal margin of 1 mm is associated with worse oncologic results. Our data indicate the importance of achieving a clear distal margin in the surgical treatment of rectal cancer. Adjuvant therapy should be used in these patients to reduce recurrence.
BACKGROUND: Double and triple stapling techniques to close the rectal stump in laparoscopic anterior resection are fraught with technical drawbacks that could possibly be avoided with the use of the single stapling technique. However, little is known of its safety in laparoscopic surgery or outcomes when combined with natural orifice specimen extraction. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze the feasibility and the operative and immediate postoperative outcomes of single-stapled anastomosis and natural orifice specimen extraction with conventional techniques. It intends to evaluate technical variations related to colon, mesentery, and pelvic anatomy characteristics. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: A consecutive series of 188 patients underwent elective surgery for benign or malignant lesions between 10 and 40 cm from the anal verge, 5 cm or less in diameter on radiological examination, stage T1 to T3, Nx, M0, with 2 different methods of rectal stump closure (pursestring vs linear-stapled closure) associated with single or double stapling and per anus vs conventional specimen extraction. SETTING: This study was conducted at China Medical University Hospital, Taiwan, a tertiary referral center, between January 2012 and April 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcomes measured are feasibility and operative and immediate postoperative outcomes. RESULTS: Single-stapled resection with natural orifice specimen extraction was feasible in 94% patients with an 11% perioperative morbidity rate. The patients required statistically significantly less analgesia, had earlier return of bowel movements, and shorter hospital stay, whereas there was no statistically significant difference in the overall readmission rate and overall morbidity, including anastomotic leakage. LIMITATIONS: This was a single-center, retrospective case-matched study. CONCLUSION: Anatomic variations (short colon and short mesentery) can be managed adequately with intracorporeal anvil head fixation. The single stapling technique is feasible and as safe as conventional double stapling techniques, although it is technically more demanding. The transanal endoscopic operation platform can be useful when the rectal stump is long.
BACKGROUND: A simple and accurate predictor of postoperative complications is needed for early and safe discharge after surgery. A decrease in serum albumin is commonly observed early after surgery, even in patients with normal preoperative levels. However, whether it predicts patient postoperative outcome is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the reduction in serum albumin within 2 postoperative days compared with the preoperative level could serve as an independent predictor of postoperative complications after colorectal surgery. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study from a single institution. SETTINGS: The study was conducted in a tertiary referral hospital. PATIENTS: A total of 626 patients undergoing major colorectal surgery between December 2012 and January 2016 were eligible for this study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify risk factors for postoperative complications and to identify the factors associated with Delta albumin. Receiver operating characteristic curves were developed to examine the cutoff value of the change in albumin in predicting postoperative complications. RESULTS: Among all of the patients, the median Delta albumin after surgery was 15% Delta albumin was an independent risk factor for overall complications ( p < 0.01). The cutoff value was 15%, and an increased area under the curve compared with C-reactive protein occurred on postoperative day 3 or 4. Patients with Delta albumin >= 15% experienced more postoperative major complications, a higher comprehensive complication index, a longer postoperative stay, and increased surgical site infections ( p < 0.05) than those < 15% Delta albumin correlated with sex, type of surgery, stoma creation, C-reactive protein on postoperative day 3 or 4, and intraoperative blood transfusion. Postoperative C-reactive protein remained independently associated with.albumin ( p < 0.01). LIMITATIONS: The study was limited by its retrospective nature. CONCLUSIONS: A cutoff value of a 15% reduction in serum albumin within 2 postoperative days could help to identify patients with a high probability of postoperative complications and permit safe and early discharge after colorectal surgery.