Diffeomorphic vs Isotopic Links in Lens Spaces

Cattabriga, A; Manfredi, E

Cattabriga, A (reprint author), Univ Bologna, Dept Math, Bologna, Italy.

MEDITERRANEAN JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICS, 2018; 15 (4):

Abstract

Links in lens spaces may be defined to be equivalent by ambient isotopy or by diffeomorphism of pairs. In the first case, for all the combinatorial representations of links, there is a set of Reidemeister-type moves on diagrams connecting isotopy equivalent links. In this paper, we provide a set of moves on disk, band and grid diagrams that connects diffeo-equivalent links: there are up to four isotopy equivalent links in each diffeo-equivalence class. Moreover, we investigate how the diffeo-equivalence relates to the lift of the link in the 3-sphere: in the particular case of oriented primitive-homologous knots, the lift completely determines the knot class in L(p, q) up to diffeo-equivalence, and thus only four possible knots up to isotopy equivalence can have the same lift.

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