Dynarnin 1 Restrains Vesicular Release to a Subquantal Mode In Mammalian Adrenal Chromaffin Cells

Wu, QH; Zhang, QF; Liu, B; Li, YL; Wu, X; Kuo, ST; Zheng, LH; Wang, CH; Zhu, FP; Zhou, Z

Zhou, Z (reprint author), Peking Univ, Inst Mol Med, 5 Yiheyuan Rd, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.

JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, 2019; 39 (2): 199

Abstract

Dynamin 1 (dyn1) is required for clathrin-mediated endocytosis in most secretory (neuronal and neuroendocrine) cells. There are two modes of Ca2+ -dependent catecholamine release from single dense-core vesicles: full-quantal (quantal) and subquantal in adrenal chromaffm cells, but their relative occurrences and impacts on total secretion remain unclear. To address this fundamental question in neurotransmission area using both sexes of animals, here we report the following: (1) dynl-KO increased quantal size (QS, but not vesicle size/content) by >= 250% in dynl -KO mice; (2) the KO-increased QS was rescued by dynl (but not its deficient mutant or dyn2); (3) the ratio of quantal versus subquantal events was increased by KO; (4) following a release event, more protein contents were retained in WT versus KO vesicles; and (5) the fusion pore size (d(p)) was increased from <= 9 to >= 9 nm by KO. Therefore, Ca2+-induced exocytosis is generally a subquantal release in sympathetic adrenal chromaffm cells, implying that neurotransmitter release is generally regulated by dynamin in neuronal cells.

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