Plasma metabolic profiles were compared between patients with hypertension with and without left ventricular hypertrophy and significantly decreased oleic acid (OA) levels were observed in the peripheral blood of patients with hypertension with left ventricular hypertrophy. We sought to determine the effect and underlying mechanisms of OA on cardiac remodeling. In vitro studies with isolated neonatal mouse cardiomyocytes and cardiac fibroblasts revealed that OA significantly attenuated Ang II (angiotensin II)-induced cardiomyocyte growth and cardiac fibroblast collagen expression. In vivo, cardiac function, hypertrophic growth of cardiomyocytes, and fibrosis were analyzed after an Ang II (1000 ng/kg/minute) pump was implanted for 14 days. We found that OA could significantly prevent Ang II-induced cardiac remodeling in mice. RNA sequencing served as a gene expression roadmap highlighting gene expression changes in the hearts of Ang II-induced mice and OA-treated mice. The results revealed that FGF23 (fibroblast growth factor 23) expression was significantly upregulated in mouse hearts in response to Ang II infusion, which was significantly suppressed in the hearts of OA-treated mice. Furthermore, overexpression of FGF23 in the heart by injection of an AAV-9 vector aggravated Ang II-induced cardiac remodeling and impaired the protective effect of OA on cardiac remodeling. Further study found that OA could suppress Ang II-induced FGF23 expression by inhibiting the translocation of Nurr1 (nuclear receptor-related 1 protein) from the cytoplasm to the nucleus. Our findings suggest a novel role of OA in preventing Ang II-induced cardiac remodeling via suppression of FGF23 expression.