Tissue and serum metabolite profiling reveals potential biomarkers of human hepatocellular carcinoma

Han, J; Qin, WX; Li, ZL; Xu, AJ; Xing, H; Wu, H; Zhang, H; Wang, MD; Li, C; Liang, L; Quan, B; Yan, WT; Shen, F; Wu, MC; Yang, T

Wu, MC; Yang, T (reprint author), Second Mil Med Univ, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surg Hosp, Dept Hepatobiliary Surg, 225 Changha Rd, Shanghai 200438, Peoples R China.

CLINICA CHIMICA ACTA, 2019; 488 (): 68


Background and aims: Metabolomics serves as an important tool in distinguishing changes in metabolic pathway and the diagnosis of human disease. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a malignance present of heterogeneous metabolic disorder and lack of effective biomarker for surveillance and diagnosis. In this study, we searched for potential metabolite biomarkers of HCC using tissue and serum metabolomics approach. Methods: A total of 30 pairs of matched liver tissue samples from HCC patients and 90 serum samples (30 HCC patients, 30 liver cirrhosis patients, and 30 healthy individuals) were assessed. Metabolomics was performer through ultra performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry in conjunction with multivariate and univariate statistical analyses. Results: A total of six differential metabolites including chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), glycocholic acid (GCA) LPC20:5, LPE18:0, succinyladenosine and uridine were present in HCC tissue and serum samples. CDCA LPC20:5, succinyladenosine and uridine were used to construct a diagnostic model based on logistic regression The four-metabolite panel discriminated HCC from liver cirrhosis with an AUC score of 0.938, sensitivity of 93.3% and specificity of 86.7%. For all HCC and cirrhosis patients, the diagnostic accuracy increased to 96.7% and 90.0%, respectively. Conclusion: The combination of CDCA, LPC20:5, succinyladenosine and uridine can be used as a biomarker panel to improve HCC sensitivity and specificity. This panel significantly benefits HCC diagnostics and reveal new insight into HCC pathogenesis.

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