Icariin ameliorates cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity in human embryonic kidney 293 cells by suppressing ROS-mediated PI3K/Akt pathway

Zhou, YD; Hou, JG; Yang, G; Jiang, S; Chen, C; Wang, Z; Liu, YY; Ren, S; Li, W

Ren, S; Li, W (reprint author), Jilin Agr Univ, Coll Chinese Med Mat, Changchun 130118, Jilin, Peoples R China.



Cisplatin, as an effective chemotherapeutic agent, is widely used to treat verious types of cancers. Nephrotoxicity induced by cisplatin seriously limits its clinical application. Icariin, a major and remarkable flavonoid isolated from Epimedium koreanum, has been reported to exert anti-oxidative stress and anti-inflammation actions. The purpose of this study is to explore the protective effect and possible mechanism of icariin on cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity on HEK-293 cells. In this study, icariin pretreatment for 24 h significantly ameliorated cisplatin-induced oxidative stress by reducing levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS), while increasing level of glutathione (GSH) in HEK-293 cells. Furthermore, icariin pretreatment reduced NF-kappa B phosphorylation and nuclear translocation in HEK-293 cells followed by decreased secretion of IL-1 beta, TNF-alpha, and iNOS, suggesting a suppression of inflammatory response. Moreover, icariin pretreatment significantly reduced cellular apoptosis via reduced levels of Bax, cleaved caspase-3/9, and increased anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 in the cells. Importantly, LY294002, a specific PI3K inhibitor, abrogated the anti-apoptosis effect of icariin, implicating the involvement of PI3K/Akt pathway. In summary, icariin prevents cisplatin-induced HEK-293 cell injury by inhibiting oxidative stress, inflammatory response, and cellular apoptosis partly via regulating NF-kappa B and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways. Icariin may serve as a potential therapeutic target against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity.

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