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Soy Food Intake Is Inversely Associated with Newly Diagnosed Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in the TCLSIH Cohort Study

期刊: JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 2020; 150 (12)

Background: Animal studies have shown that soy protein and isoflavones can increase antioxidant capacity and improve insulin resistance, and thus amel......

Two Blends of Refined Rice Bran, Flaxseed, and Sesame Seed Oils Affect the Blood Lipid Profile of Chinese Adults with Borderline Hypercholesterolemia to a Similar Extent as Refined Olive Oil

期刊: JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 2020; 150 (12)

Background: Individual vegetable oils have a characteristic fatty acids (FA) composition and unique phytonutrient profiles, enabling formulation of oi......

Erythrocyte Membrane Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Are Associated with Incidence of Metabolic Syndrome in Middle-Aged and Elderly People-An 8.8-Year Prospective Study

期刊: JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 2020; 150 (6)

Background: The total and specific types of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) related to metabolic syndrome (MetS) remain inconsistent. Objective: W......

Dietary L-Tryptophan Regulates Colonic Serotonin Homeostasis in Mice with Dextran Sodium Sulfate-Induced Colitis

期刊: JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 2020; 150 (7)

Background: L-tryptophan (Trp) has been reported to regulate gut immune responses during inflammation. However, the underlying mechanisms are largely ......

Regular Coffee Consumption Is Associated with Lower Regional Adiposity Measured by DXA among US Women

期刊: JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 2020; 150 (7)

Background: Coffee is among the most popular daily beverages in the United States. Importantly, coffee consumption has been associated with a lower ri......

Long-Term Intake of Dietary Carotenoids Is Positively Associated with Late-Life Subjective Cognitive Function in a Prospective Study in US Women

期刊: JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 2020; 150 (7)

Background: A protective association of dietary carotenoids with cognitive function has been suggested, but most studies have been relatively small wi......

Cooking Oil Consumption Is Positively Associated with Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in a Chinese Nationwide Cohort Study

期刊: JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 2020; 150 (7)

Background: Evidence suggests that the relations between intakes of individual fatty acids and risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) vary. However, associatio......

Dietary Glucose Increases Glucose Absorption and Lipid Deposition via SGLT1/2 Signaling and Acetylated ChREBP in the Intestine and Isolated Intestinal Epithelial Cells of Yellow Catfish

期刊: JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 2020; 150 (7)

Background: Dietary carbohydrate affects intestinal glucose absorption and lipid deposition, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Objectives: We......

Dietary Exposure to Oxidized Frying Oil from Fetus to Adulthood Suppresses Male Reproductive Development by Altering Testicular Cholesterol and Testosterone Homeostasis in Sprague Dawley Rats

期刊: JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 2020; 150 (7)

Background: Dietary frying oil may have endocrine-disrupting effects, as a feminization effect was observed in cohorts of C57BL/6J male mice fetuses f......

Psychosocial Risk Factors for Food Insecurity in Puerto Ricans Living in the USA from Baseline to 5-Year Follow-Up

期刊: JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 2020; 150 (8)

Background: Food insecurity is prevalent among Puerto Rican adults in the USA and is associated with adverse psychosocial outcomes. However, the direc......

Cranberry Polyphenolic Extract Exhibits an Antiobesity Effect on High-Fat Diet-Fed Mice through Increased Thermogenesis

期刊: JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 2020; 150 (8)

Background: Although polyphenol-rich cranberry extracts reportedly have an antiobesity effect, the exact reason for this remains unclear. Objectives: ......

A Combined Nutrition and Exercise Intervention Influences Serum Vitamin B-12 and 25-Hydroxyvitamin D and Bone Turnover of Healthy Chinese Middle-Aged and Older Adults

期刊: JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 2020; 150 (8)

Background: Hong Kong faces several public health problems including malnutrition and osteoporosis. Considering the typical Chinese diet and overall l......

Dietary Cyanidin-3-Glucoside Attenuates High-Fat-Diet-Induced Body-Weight Gain and Impairment of Glucose Tolerance in Mice via Effects on the Hepatic Hormone FGF21

期刊: JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 2020; 150 (8)

Background: Dietary polyphenols including anthocyanins target multiple organs. Objective: We aimed to assess the involvement of glucagon-like peptide ......

Supplemental Nicotinamide Dose-Dependently Regulates Body Phosphorus Excretion via Altering Type II Sodium-Phosphate Co-Transporter Expressions in Laying Hens

期刊: JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 2020; 150 (8)

Background: Dietary supplemental nicotinamide is used to treat hyperphosphatemia in humans. However, the mechanisms of its impact on body phosphorus h......

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