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医学词汇总结:麻醉,心血管,儿,妇,骨,内,外,护理各科(下)

2016-6-16 作者:MedSci   来源:MedSci原创 我要评论3
Tags: 医学词汇  
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心血管医学英语单词
心力衰竭:
Heart failure 心力衰竭
Congestive beart failure 充血性心力衰竭
Acute left-sided heart failure 急性左心衰
Chroinc heart failure 慢性心力衰竭
Intractable heart failure 难治性心力衰竭
Systolic insufficiency heart failure 收缩功能不全性心力衰竭
Diastolic insufficiency heart failure 舒张功能不全性心力衰竭
Congestive heart failure 充血性心力衰竭
Cardiac dysfunction 心功能障碍

Arrhythmia (cardiac arrhythmia)心律失常
Triggered activity 触发活动
Afterdepolarization 后除极
a.窦房结
Sinus node recovery time SNRT 窦房结恢复时间
Sinoatrial conduction time SACT 窦房传导时间
Bradycardia 心动过缓
Tachycardia 心动过速
Sinus tachycardia 窦性心动过速
Sinus bradycardia 窦性心动过缓
Sinus pause (sinus arrest) 窦性停搏(窦性静止)
sinoatrial block 窦房阻滞(Mobitz 莫氏, Wenckebach 文氏)
Sick sinus syndrome(SSS) 病(态)窦(房结)综合征
Bradycardia-tachycardia syndrome 心动过缓-心动过速综合征
b.心房
Atrial premature beats 房性期前收缩
Atrial tachycardia 房性心动过速
Intrinsic heart rate 固有心率
Automatic atrial tachycardia 自律性房性心动过速
Reentrant atrial tachycardia 折返性房性心动过速
Chaotic atrial tachycardia 紊乱性房性心动过速
Paroxysmal atrial tachycardia with AV block (PAT with block) 伴有房室阻滞的阵发性房性心动过速
Multifocal atrial tachycardia 多源性房性心动过速
Atrial flutter 心房扑动
Atrial fibrillation 心房颤动
c.房室交界区性
Premature atrioventricular junctional beats 房室交界区性期前收缩
AV junctional escape beats 房室交界区性逸搏
AV junctional rhythm 房室交界区性心律
Nonparoxysmal atrioventricular junctional tachycardia 非阵发性房室交界区性心动过速
Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia(PSVT)阵发性室上性心动过速
Atrioventricular Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia(AVNRT)房室结内折返性心动过速
Atrioventricular Reentrant Tachycardia(AVNRT)房室返性心动过速
Preexcitation syndrome(Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome) 预激综合征(WPW综合征)
d.心室
Premature ventricular beats 室性期前收缩
Ventricular parasystole 室性并行心律
Ventricular tachycardia 室性心动过速
Accelerated idioventricular rhythm 加速性心室自主节律
Torsades de pointes 尖端扭转
Ventricular flutter 心室扑动
Ventricular fibrillation 心室颤动
Atrioventricular block 房室传导阻滞
Wenckebach block 文氏阻滞
Adame-Strokes syndrom 阿-斯综合征
Intraventricular block 室内传导阻滞
Right bundle branch block 右束支传导阻滞
Left bundle branch block 左束支传导阻滞
Left anterior fascicular block 左前分支传导阻滞
Left posterior fascicular block 左后分支传导阻滞
Bifascicular block 双分支阻滞
Trifascicular block 三分支阻滞

心脏骤停与猝死
sudden cardiac death 心脏性猝死
Cardiac arrest 心脏骤停
Pulseless electrical activity (PEA) 无脉性电活动

Hypertension 高血压
Hypertensive urgencyes 高血压急症
Hypertensive crisis 高血压危象
Hypertensive emergencies 高血压危症
Secondary hypertension 继发性高血压
Primary hypertension 原发性高血压
“White coat” hypertension 白大衣性高血压
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Isolated systolic hypertension 单纯收缩期高血压
Arteriolosclerosis 小动脉硬化

先心病:
Congenital heart disease 先天性心脏病
Congenital cardiovascular disease 先天性心血管病
Pulmonic stenosis 肺动脉狭窄
Isolated pulmonic stenosis 单纯肺动脉口狭窄
Coarctation of the aorta 主动脉缩窄
Idiopathic dilatation of the pulmonary artery 单纯肺动脉扩张
Primary pulmonary hypertension 原发性肺动脉高压
Persistent left superior vena cava 双侧上腔静脉(左上腔静脉残存)
Isolated dextrocardia 孤立性右位心
Atrial septal defect 房间隔缺损
Partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage 部分性肺静脉畸形引流
Ventricular septal defect (VSD) 室间隔缺损
Eisenmenger’s syndrome 艾森门格综合征
Patent ductus arteriosus(PDA)动脉导管未闭
Tetralogy of Fallot 法洛四联症
Trilogy of Fallot 法洛三联症
Complete transposition of the great vessels 完全性大血管错位
Atrial septal defect (ASD) 房间隔缺损

心脏瓣膜病:
Multivalve heart disease 多瓣膜疾病
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Mitral valve disease 二尖瓣疾病
Pulmonic valve disease 肺动脉瓣疾病
Tricuspid valve disease 三尖瓣疾病
Ebstein’s anomaly 三尖瓣下移畸形
Dysfunction or rupture of papillary muscle 乳头肌功能失调或断裂
Aortic valve disease 主动脉瓣疾病
Aortic arch syndrome 主动脉弓综合征
Valvular heart disease 心脏瓣膜病
rheumatic heart disease 风湿性心脏病
Rheumatic fever 风湿热
Rheumatic carditis 风湿性心脏炎
Mitral stenosis 二尖瓣狭窄
Mitral incompetence 二尖瓣关闭不全
Acute mitral insufficiency 急性二尖瓣关闭不全
Chronic mitral insufficiency 慢性二尖瓣关闭不全
Marfan’s syndrom 马凡氏综合征
Aortic stenosis 主动脉瓣狭窄
Aortic incompetence 主动脉瓣关闭不全
Chronic aortic insufficiency 慢性主动脉瓣关闭不全
Tricuspid stenosis 三尖瓣狭窄
Tricuspid incompetence 三尖瓣关闭不全
Pulmonary stenosis 肺动脉瓣狭窄
Pulmonary incompetence 肺动脉瓣关闭不全

冠心病:
Atherosclerosis 动脉粥样硬化
Coronary atherosclerotic heart disease 冠状动脉粥样硬化性心脏病
Coronary heart disease 冠状动脉性心脏病
Angina pectoris 心绞痛
Stable angina pectoris 稳定型心绞痛
Unstable angina pectoris 不稳定心绞痛
Initial onset angina pectoris 初发型心绞痛
Accelerated angina pectoris 恶化型心绞痛
Variant angina pectoris (Prinzmetal’s variant angina pectoris)变异型心绞痛
Angina decubitus 卧位心绞痛
Acute coronary insufficiency 急性冠状动脉功能不全
Postinfarction angina pectoris 梗塞后心绞痛
Acute coronary syndrome(ACS) 急性冠脉综合征
Myocardial infarction(MI) 心肌梗死
Acute myocardial infarction(AMI) 急性心肌梗死
Dysfunction of papillary muscle 乳头肌功能失调
Rupture of papillary muscle 乳头肌断裂
Rupture of the heart 心脏破裂
Embolism 栓塞
Cardiac aneurysm 心脏室壁瘤
Postinfarction syndrome 心肌梗死后综合征
Latent coronary heart disease 无症状型冠心病(隐性冠心病)
Ischemic cardiomyopathy 缺血性心肌病
Sudden death 猝死

感染性心内膜炎:
Infective endocarditis (IE) 感染性心内膜炎
Native valve endocarditis 自体瓣膜心内膜炎
Prothetic valve endocarditis 人工瓣膜心内膜炎
Endocarditis in intravenous drug abusers 静脉药瘾者心内膜炎
Acute infective endocarditics(AIE) 急性感染性心内膜炎
Subacute Infective endocarditis 亚急性感染性心内膜炎

心肌疾病:
Specific cardiomyopathy 特异性心肌病
Viral myocarditis 病毒性心肌炎
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy(HCM)肥厚性心肌病
Asymmetric septal hypertrophy (ASH) 非对称性室间隔肥厚
Restrictive cardiomyopathy(RCM)限制性心肌病
Dilated cardiomyopathy(DCM)扩张型心肌病
Alcoholic cardiomyopathy 酒精性心肌病
Peripartum cardiomyopathy 围生期心肌病
Drug-induced cardiomyopathy 药物性心肌病
Keshan disease (KD) 克山病
Endemic cardiomyopathy (ECD) 地方性心肌病
Cardiomyopathies 心肌疾病
Myocardial bridging 心肌桥
Myocarditis 心肌炎
Right ventricular cardiomyopathy 右室心肌病
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy(ARVC)致心律失常型右室心肌病
Unclassified cardiomyopathies,UCM)

心包疾病:
Purulent pericarditis 化脓性心包炎
Acute pericarditis 急性心包炎
Tuberculous pericarditis 结核性心包炎
Constrictive pericarditis 缩窄性心包炎

血管疾病:
Peripheral arteriosclerosis obliteration 闭塞性周围动脉粥样硬化
Primary arteritis of the aorta and its main branches 多发性大动脉炎
Raynaud syndrome 雷诺综合征
Pulness disease 无脉病
Thromboangitis obliterans 血栓闭塞性脉管炎
Thrombophlebitis 血栓性静脉炎
Aortic dissection 主动脉夹层

其它疾病:
Syndrome X
Cardiogenic shock 心原性休克
Postpericardiostomy syndrome 心肌损伤后综合征
Pulmonary embolism 肺动脉栓塞
Syncope 晕厥
Syphlitic cardiovascular disease 梅毒性心血管病
Cardiovascular neurosis 心脏血管神经官能症

药物
Vasodilator 血管扩张剂(phlebectasis 静脉扩张, arteriectasis 动脉扩张)
Diuretic 利尿剂(thiazide diuretic 噻嗪类利尿剂;loop diuretic 袢利尿剂;potassium-sparing diuretics 保钾利尿剂)
inotropic agent 正性肌力药(digitalis preparation 洋地黄制剂;adrenergic receptor stimulant 肾上腺素能受体兴奋剂;
phosphodiesterase inhibitor 磷酸二酯酶抑制剂)
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor(ACE inhibitors)(ACEI)血管紧张素转换酶抑制剂
Aldosterone antagonist 醛固酮拮抗剂
Beta adrenergic receptor blocker (beta blockers) ß肾上腺素能受体阻滞剂
Calcium channel blocker(CCB)钙通道阻滞剂
Angiotension Ⅱ antagonist(Angiotension Ⅱ receptor blocker) 血管紧张素Ⅱ受体阻滞剂
Alpha blockers α1 受体阻滞剂
Nitroglycerin 硝酸甘油
Digoxin 地高辛
Lanatoside C 西地兰
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antiarrhythic drugs 抗心律失常药
lidocaine 利多卡因
Propafenone 普罗帕酮
Amiodarone 胺碘酮
调脂药降脂药
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors HMG-CoA 还原酶抑制剂
Nicotinic acid 烟酸
Clofibrate 氯贝丁酯
抗血小板药物
溶栓药
recombinant tissue type plasminogen activator ,rt-PA 重组组织型纤维蛋白酶原激活剂
抗凝药

操作
interventional therapy for cardiovascular diseases 心血管病介入性治疗
Holter ECG monitoring 动态心电图
Ultrasound angioplasty 超声消融术
Directional coronary atherectomy 定向旋切术
High frequency rotational atherectomy 高频旋磨术
Laser angioplasty 激光血管成形术
Catheter ablation 心导管消融
Radiofrequency catheter ablation 经导管射频消融
Percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty(PBMV)经皮穿刺球囊二尖瓣成形术
Percutaneous balloon pulmonic valvuloplasty(PBPV)经皮穿刺球囊肺动脉瓣成形术
Percutaneous transluminal septial myocardial ablation,(PTSMA)经皮经腔间隔心肌消融术
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Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) 经皮穿刺腔内冠状动脉成形术
Percutaneous intracoronary stent implantation 经皮穿刺冠状动脉内支架安置术
Transluminal Extraction catheter (TEC)经皮血管内切吸导管
Artificial cardiac pacing 人工心脏起搏
Multisite cardiac pacing 多部位心脏起搏
Biatrial pacing 双心房起搏
biventricular pacing 双心室起搏
bifocal pacing 双灶起搏
Heart transplantation 心脏移植
Angiojet rheolytic thrombectomy 新鲜血栓吸引术
Upright tilt-table testing 直立倾斜试验
Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)置入型心律转复除颤器
Thumpversion 捶击复律
Cough-version 咳嗽复律
Cardioversion 心脏电复律
Defibrillation 心脏电除颤
Revascularization 血管重建

其它
Hemolytic streptococcus 甲族乙型溶血性链球菌
Antithymocyte globulin (ATG)抗胸腺细胞球蛋白
Vagus nerve 迷走神经,
Brainstem death 脑干死亡
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Brain death 脑死亡
Myocardial remodeling 心肌重塑
Hemodynamics 血液动力学
Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF)心钠素
Vasopressin 血管加压素,抗利尿激素
Bradykinin 缓激肽
Triggered activity 触发活动
Afterdepolarization 后除极
Late ventricular potential 心室晚电位
Sinus node recovery time(SNRT) 窦房结恢复时间
Sinoatrial conduction time(SACT) 窦房传导时间
Intrinsic heart rate 固有心率
Accessory atrioventricular pathways 房室旁路
Atriohisian tracts 房希氏束
Nodoventricular fibers 结-室纤维
Fasciculoventricular fibers 分支室纤维
Insulin resistance 胰岛素抵抗
Vasodepressor response 血管减压反应
Pulsus tardus 细迟脉
Minimum Inhibitory concentration (MIC) 最小抑菌浓度
Systolic anterior motion(SAM) (二尖瓣前叶)收缩期前向运动
Intermittent claudication 间歇性跛行 



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JBY

要是网页版都能打开那就太好了

(来自:梅斯医学APP)

2016-6-28 20:54:00 回复

milkshark

已经收藏

(来自:梅斯医学APP)

2016-6-16 20:38:00 回复

milkshark

总结很好

(来自:梅斯医学APP)

2016-6-16 20:38:00 回复

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