Eur Heart J:地中海饮食到底有多好?

2016-04-30 QQduhp 译 MedSci原创

地中海式饮食中包括大量水果、蔬菜鱼和粗粮。西方饮食包含细粮、糖果、甜点、糖类饮料和油炸食品。新的研究表明,地中海饮食可以降低心脏病患者心脏病发作和卒中的风险的风险。减少西方饮食的摄入可减轻民众心脏功能衰退的程度。AHA建议民众经常摄入水果、蔬菜、鱼和其他天然食品。 奥克兰大学医院的Ralph Stewart博士对全球39个国家共15482名冠心病患者进行了调查和数据分析。参与者平均年龄67岁,随访

地中海式饮食中包括大量水果、蔬菜鱼和粗粮。西方饮食包含细粮、糖果、甜点、糖类饮料和油炸食品。新的研究表明,地中海饮食可以降低心脏病患者心脏病发作和卒中的风险的风险。减少西方饮食的摄入可减轻民众心脏功能衰退的程度。AHA建议民众经常摄入水果、蔬菜、鱼和其他天然食品。 


奥克兰大学医院的Ralph Stewart博士对全球39个国家共15482名冠心病患者进行了调查和数据分析。参与者平均年龄67岁,随访时间平均为4年。 

结果表明,若患者坚持地中海饮食,则出现心脏病发作、卒中或死亡的风险减少3%。

参与者通过完成1份调查问卷,以提供他们的饮食信息,包括一周几次吃粗粮、细粮、肉类、鱼类、奶制品、水果、甜点、糖果、含糖饮料、油炸食品、蔬菜和喝酒频率等信息。然后研究人员对他们进行地中海饮食评分(MDS)。得分范围为0-24分不等。进食健康食物的比例越大,获得的地中海得分越高。同时研究人员依据参与者进食的不健康食物的频率对他们统计西方饮食得分(WDS)。

随访至3.7年时,共有1588名参与者(10%)发生了严重心血管疾病(即MACE,包括心脏病发作、卒中或死亡)。研究人员指出,MDS得分超过15分的2885名患者中,有7.3%发生MACE。得分13-14分共有2855人,其中10.5%的患者发生MACE;得分低于12分的民众共有8579人,其中10.8%发生MACE。若参与者MDS得分降低,则发生MACE风险增加。调整其他因素后,MDS得分每增加1分,则民众出现心脏病发作、死亡、卒中的风险降低7%。但是进食西方饮食却不会增加民众MACE风险。

该研究的局限性在于未考虑不健康食物对民众的危害,同时也未评估民众总热量、不同脂肪类型的摄入。因此,Stewart教授指出还需进行更进一步的研究。

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    2016-08-29 ylzr123

    深入学习,好文值得点赞!

    0

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    2016-05-09 jaysppr

    值得阅读!

    0

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    2016-05-05 Lisa971

    地中海饮食结构,有它自身的特点。

    0

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    2016-05-02 zhaojie88
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    2016-05-02 slcumt
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    2016-05-02 wgx311

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